The 13 Original Colonies

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Middle Colonies

New York

New York was founded in 1664 by the Duke of York.

The exports were fur, timber, foodstuff, cattle, horses, beer, fine flour, flax, and iron bars.  The imports 

The cash crops were rice and indigo.

Major Events

  • 1690-  Schenectady Massacre: The French burn New York with the help of some Native Americans.

Cities: New York
Rivers: Hudson
Lakes: Oneida
Other: Catskills Mountains

Government: government with a consitituion, the asembly had the power to tax, all religions were accepted except for Roman Catholicism

Native Americans: Iroquois, Seneca, Oneida, Cayuga, Ramapough

Purpose:  New York was a colony made for trade and profits.

Who was the colony named for? 

New York named in honor of the Duke of York.


New Jersey

New Jersey was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.

The exports were cattle, flax, wheat, and flour.  The imports 

The cash crops were indigo and grains.

Major Events

  • 1676- Colony divided into East Jersey and West Jersey
  • 1702-  East Jersey and West Jersey become one colony

Cities: Elizabethtown
Rivers: Passaic
Lakes: Hopatcong
Other: It is a peninsula

Government: had a constituition that allowed free assembly and had a governor, council, and representatives

Native Americans:  Unami, Munsee, & Unalahtigo tribes

Purpose: The purpose of this colony was to make a profit.  In order to make profit, there needs to be people in the colony so they made promises of all the thing you can gain from the New World.

Who was the colony named for? 

New Jersey was named for the Channel Island of Jersey in honor of Sir George Carteret.



Pennsylvania was founded in 1682 by William Penn.

The exports were wheat, corn, apples, dairy cattle, glass, wine, beer, rope, and bricks.  The imports 

The cash crops were wheat and corn. 

Major Events:

  • 1701 New Pennsylvania Constitution Adopted

Cities: Northern Liberties, Philadelphia
Rivers: Delaware
Lakes: Harveys
Other: Allegheny Mountains

Government: general assembly had supreme power and government consisted of a governor, council and house of delegates
good moral character and belief in Christ was a requirement to be a freeman and to hold office

Native Americans: Lenape & Susquehanna Tribes

Purpose:  William Penn, a Quaker, wanted freedom of religion and protection from persecution for himself and thought other people may want the same thing.

Who was the colony named for?  
Pennsylvania was named after William Penn


Delaware was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company.

The exports were furs, tobacco, meat, grain, flour, bread, barrel staves, lumber, horses, cloth, and iron.  The imports 

The cash crops were rice and indigo.  

Major Events

  • 1703-Granted its own assembly
  • Under the control of Pennsylvania until the American Revolution

Cities: New Castle
Rivers: Mispillion
Lakes: Red Mill
Other: 60 ft above sea level (lowest average altitude)

Government: Limited self-governing since controlled by Pennsylvania

Native Americans:Lenape, Nanticoke

Purpose: This colony was used for trade and profits.

Who was the colony named for? 

Delaware  originates from the Delaware River and Bay, named in honor of Sir Thomas West, (Lord De La Warr).


Religious Groups

Ethnic Breakdown